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The following are the directions for taking this formula, as reflected on this product's principal display panel:
INSTRUCTIONS: H3O is a “pH driven” product: that is, its functionality is strictly based on the pH of the finished solution. Therefore, just as with conventional spa maintenance, you will need to monitor your pH, though not as often. Initially application is usually 1 gallon of H3O per 175 gallons of water. Most hot tubs average about 350 gallons of water, so 2 gallons of H3O is usually sufficient to adjust the pH to the desired target range of 2.0 to 2.3. In practical terms, you will probably only check pH once every two weeks, adding about 2 quarts of H3O to maintain your target pH range. It really is that simple. If you have questions, please email us at: support@AlphaOmegaLabs.comINGREDIENTS: Purified water, bioenergized with less than 1% sulphuric acid.
To users in the U.S.: this statement has not been evaluated by the Food & Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.
"Ironically, even the chlorine widely used to disinfect water produces carcinogenic traces. Studies indicate the suspect chemicals can also be inhaled and absorbed through the skin during showering and bathing."
U. S. News & World Report
29 July 1991
"Is your Water Safe?
The Dangerous State
of Your Water" - [ref]
"Showering is suspected as the primary cause of elevated levels of chloroform in nearly every home, because of the chlorination of the water... Chloroform (a known carcinogen) levels increase up to one hundred times during a ten-minute shower in residential water."
"Almost two decades have passed since known or suspected human carcinogens were first found in municipal water supplies. One of them, chloroform, produced by the chlorination process, exposes millions of Americans. The potential for a major public health problem is unquestionably there, and yet, progress has been slow."
Dr. Peter Isacson, MD
Professor of Epidemiology
Dept. of Preventive Medicine
Univ. of Iowa,
College of Medicine
"In a lifetime, approximately 50 pounds of toxic wastes can enter the body from drinking water and at least 450 pounds can enter the body through skin absorption. Little attention has been paid to skin absorption as a route of entry for volatile organic chemicals."
"Skin absorption of contaminant has been underestimated and ingestion may not constitute the sole or even primary route of exposure."
Dr. Halina Brown
Amer. Jour. of Public Health
"A Professor of Water Chemistry at the University of Pittsburg claims that exposure to vaporized chemicals in the water supplies through showering, bathing, and inhalation is 100 greater than through drinking the water."
The Nadar Report
Troubled Waters on Tap
Center for Study of
""Taking showers is a health risk, according to research presented last week in a meeting of the American Chemical Society. Showers - and to a lesser extent baths - lead to a greater exposure to toxic chemicals contained in water supplies than does drinking water. The chemicals evaporate out of the water and are inhaled. They can also spread through the house and be inhaled by others."
Dr. Ian Anderson
18 September 1986
"The cause of atherosclerosis and resulting heart attacks and strokes is none other than the ubiquitous chlorine in our drinking water."
Dr. J. M. Price, M.D.
Use of pH Strips
This is the second segmented application of the
"scalar wave" technology" used to make both
H3O and HRx concentrate solutions.
Since H3O is non-corrosive and perfectly safe
to human tissue - even at a pH of 0.2, it works
resoundingly well as an anti-microbial water
maintenance additive for hot tubs and spas,
where not only is it better than conventional
additives (i.e. chlorine, bromine, and harsh
acid, usually muriatic), but it is less expensive
and time-consuming as well. Read instructions
below well before purchasing or using.|
Note: This "commercial grade" of H3O is not suitable for drinking, but rather is specifically designed for spa water treatment.
H3O For Hots & Tubs - 1 Gallon - Code 1090
H3O For Hots & Tubs - 4 Gallon - Code 1091
--- (Code 1091 comes with one free pH test kit - code 9580) ---
Background: The Benefits of Spa UsageThe benefits of owning and using a hot tub or a spa (there is a difference, although, therapeutically, both are a form of "hydrotherapy") have been well-established, both by the scientific community and by those who make them ( See: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, or 13).
Health benefits are a leading reason why over one million consumers in the U.S. alone own hot tubs, according to the National Spa & Pool Institute, which represents over 5,000 manufacturers, distributors, retailers, service companies, and buildings in the pool/spa and hot tub industries, - (although there are a host of other good reasons.)
Such benefits include the control of diabetes (supported by an article in the New England Journal of Medicine (read Dr. Andrew Weil's comments); aid in reducing weight and controlling cellulite; relief of muscle and joint pain (including pains stemming from arthritis); relax spasms; improved athletic performance; assisting those with insomnia; cardiovascular benefits (including lowered blood pressure); use in treating fibromyalgia (including fibromyalgia pain relief); assisting woman in labor; general stress; and more obscure maladies, such as chronic venous insufficiency.
Doctors have found more controversial therapeutic benefits for spa use as well, including treatment of viral infections (including HIV, CFIDS, and herpes), and even cancer as a result of the enhanced immune response produced by a spa's natural ability to bring about hyperthermia.
Halogens: The Dark Side of Hot Tubs & SpasFACT: Water "maintenance" is a crucial part of hot tub or spa ownership. Although more expensive ozonators do an adequate job and can reduce, or in some cases, eliminate the use of "pool chemicals," there are organisms that the ozonators can leave behind. It is, therefore, not surprising that given both cost and effectiveness issues that the vast majority of spa owners still resort to chemicals.
In addition to acidulents (such as muriatic acid) and alkaline solutions, to balance the water's pH (target range: 7.2 to 7.8), the mighty twins of spa maintenance continue to be the halogens -- chlorine and bromine.
Western civilization continues to be enamored with chlorine, in particular, because of its role as a major disease preventative since its introduction in the early 20th century in municipal drinking water. Chlorine has succeeded by default, or as the AWWA, or American Water Works Association puts it, "Although chlorine is not the only disinfecting agent available to the water supply industry, it is the most widely used disinfectant in North America because of its effectiveness, the scientific understanding of its properties, and the technical capabilities of most treatment plants in North America." That it would, therefore, be the disinfectant of choice when hot tubs and spas began to become popular in the States in the mid-20th century, would only make sense.
But that is only because of a lack of options - as we will see shortly. (On the level of drinking water, the toxicity level issue has been dealt with in the U.S., inadequately we might add, through the almost 30 year life of the Safe Drinking Water Act (as amended)).
For reasons that are historic, political, and only partially scientific, halogens are conventionally considered a necessary evil in the world of pools and spas. And, yes, in sufficient quantity they keep your pool clean and relatively microbe-free (at least free of most pathogenic micro-organisms); and, yes, they do so more safely than many other anti-microbial chemicals will, which are even more toxic.
But we are only arguing in degrees.
Arguing the benefits of halogens is not unlike conventional dentists who would argue that the mercury in amalgam (used to fill cavities) isn't all that bad.
They get away with it only because of a lack of other good, cost-effective options.
FACT: Chlorine and bromine are at least mildly mutagenic, carcinogenic, and teratogenic, at levels of exposure one would normally expect as a result of regular spa use (time) at conventional usage levels (molar concentrations). Orthodoxy is currently waging a losing battle, attempting to argue that these hazards apply to rats, mice, and other laboratory mammals, but not humans! There is no question that organic by-products of these halogens, both as components in drinking water and as disinfectants in spa water, are health hazards. Only the degree of risk relative to concentration levels is intelligently debatable, and in fact, industry apologists attempt to argue this fact away stating that in sufficient quantity, at least 50% of all organic compounds are carcinogenic. Examples abound of lawsuits by halogen trade groups to bind the hands of the EPA in the U.S. in setting sensible toxicity standards (the illogical EPA position that preceeded Chlorine Chemistry Council vs. EPA notwithstanding). Such industry hardball tactics run counter to the well defined hazards established by the scientific community, including a sizeable correlation in bladder and rectal cancer among those regularly exposed to chlorine and its by-products, one of which, chloroform, is also a well-established carcinogen - see results published by The Carcinogenic Potency Project... (read also about the "Council's" attempt to scuddle information about the relationship between chlorine and breast cancer - again supporting our contention that cancer is a political disease).
But chloroform isn't the only by-product of chlorine use to be concerned with: chlorine breaks down into trihalomethanes (THM's), which area also carcinogenic (although an alternative, chlorine dioxide (ClO2) is touted by its makers as safer in this respect - (see FAQ), although at least one environmental group argues otherwise.
Clinically speaking, some doctors are more outspoken than others on the effects of chlorine. According to Doris J. Rapp, M.D., noted pediatric allergist and author of Is This Your Child's World?, exposure to chlorine in tap water, showers, pools, laundry products, cleaning agents, food processing (fruit, flour, meat, fish, vegetables), sewage systems and many others, can affect health by contributing to asthma, hay fever, anemia, bronchitis, circulatory collapse, confusion, delirium, diabetes, dizziness, irritation of the eye, mouth, nose, throat, lung, skin, and stomach, heart disease, high blood pressure, and nausea. She indicates it is also a possible cause of cancer. It is worth noting that the use of chlorine in hot tubs and spas provides a sustained level of exposure at concentration levels that are well in excess of most of these chlorine sources.
None of this should be meant to infer that the chlorine hazard debate has not seen imbalanced positions from both sides. Obscuring the issue, as well, have been some groups (most notably Greenpeace in its tirade against chlorine-containing PVC's) that have waged war against chlorine, making comments that have little support from an impartial scientific community.
FACT: These very same chemicals are considered occupational hazards in the hospital environment.
FACT: H3O does not evaporate into the air and cause pollution the way that chlorine does. That's why you don't have check the status on your spa water nearly as often as you do with conventional treatment systems.
FACT: H3O works against a broader range of organisms than do the halogens. Experienced spa operators know that bromine, for one, is weak against certain organisms, including certain algae and black fungi. H3O gets rid of them. FACT: H3O is a healthy, superior substitute to using conventional water treatment. Instead of a variety of chemicals, you treat your water with only item: H3O. And unlike many ozone systems, H3O doesn't "reduce" your usage of other pool chemicals. It completely eliminates it.
ABC's of Water Chemistry
Environmental Health Perspectives (Volume 46, 1982): Drinking Water Disinfectants.
"Chlorine" - Massachusetts Chemical Fact Sheet
Chlorine Chemistry Council vs. EPA
The Chlorine Debate: A Selected Bibliography
Dirty Money - Environmental Working Group on the Chlorine Chemistry Council
Don't Ban Chlorine - Use It Wisely
Scientific American (mimics CCC's arguments and chart)
National Academy Press (Executive Summary on Chlorination, "Drinking Water & Health, Volume 2, (1980)"
Zero Waste - Summary: Health concerns of chlorine exposure include, but are not limited to: possible increased risk of miscarriage, birth defects, rectal and bladder cancer, respiratory complaints, corrosion of the teeth, inflammation of the mucous membranes of the nose, and increased susceptibility to tuberculosis. There is an alarming lack of comprehensive test data.
Chlorine: Ubiquitous & Deadly - Vermont Public Interest Research Group
How Safe Is Your Drinking Water?
H3O: So Easy To UseUsing H3O For Hot Tubs & Spas could not be simpler. You just follow the label instructions (reprinted in the left column, above). We realize that you may have a lot of questions, so we have created a new set of FAQ pages specifically addressing this product. In the event that the information on this page, combined with the FAQ material provided, is not enough, we invite you to email us with any questions you may have.
The most important thing to remember is that H3O performance in your hot tub or spa is is entirely pH driven. That is, as long as the pH is in the proper range, you will enjoy a level of spa purity and healthfulness that cannot be reduplicated using any combination of conventional spa chemicals.
You will no longer have to suffer through the noxious fumes of fresh, volatile chlorine gas, as it rises from the hot water of your spa. You will no longer have to struggle with the balancing act of pH and chlorine tests. You will no longer have to worry about coming removing the cover to your spa after a 10 day period where you forgot to make your tests, and find a web of algae or fungus lining the edges or surface of your spa. You have one measure and only one measure to consider: the pH.
What could be simpler?
The fact is: nothing is.